Russian losses over the same period were also far from light; it is estimated that at least 150,000 perished from all causes, and at least twice as manymore must have been crippled by wounds or frostbite. An incalculable number of Russian civilians must also have suffered during the seven months of bitter fighting. However, by the end of the year, the Tsar's forces enjoyed the great advantage of a strategical victory over Napoleon with which to boos heir morale - the soil of Holy Russia was clear of the invader.
The French forces and people had no such compensation, If it were possible, France's allies had even less reason for comfort or complacency.
~ D. Chandler, The Campaigns of Napoleon, p. 853